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Who was Necmettin Erbakan and why is his book Davam popular?

Who was Necmettin Erbakan and why is his book Davam popular?

Necmettin Erbakan was a Turkish politician who is considered as the founder of political Islam in Turkey. He was the leader of several Islamist parties and served as the prime minister of Turkey from 1996 to 1997. He was also a prominent figure in the Milli GÃrÃÅ (National Outlook) movement, which advocated for an Islamic revival and a rejection of Western influence in Turkey and the Muslim world.

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One of his most influential books is Davam (My Cause), which he wrote in 1977 while he was in exile after a military coup. In this book, he outlines his political vision and ideology, based on his interpretation of Islam and history. He argues that Islam is not only a religion, but also a comprehensive system that encompasses all aspects of life, including politics, economics, culture, and morality. He criticizes secularism, nationalism, capitalism, socialism, and Zionism as the main enemies of Islam and proposes an alternative model of Islamic civilization that is based on justice, solidarity, and cooperation among Muslims.

Davam is still widely read and admired by many Turkish Islamists and their supporters, who see Erbakan as a pioneer and a martyr for their cause. The book is also available online in PDF format for free download from various websites. However, some critics have challenged Erbakan's views and methods, accusing him of being dogmatic, divisive, and unrealistic. They also point out that his book contains factual errors, logical fallacies, and conspiracy theories.

Therefore, Davam is a controversial and influential book that reflects Erbakan's legacy and impact on Turkish politics and society.

Erbakan's foreign policy was one of the most controversial aspects of his political career. He advocated for a more independent and assertive role for Turkey in the Muslim world, challenging the pro-Western and secular orientation of the Turkish establishment. He sought to improve relations with Iran, Iraq, Libya, and other Islamic countries that were under sanctions or isolation by the West. He also initiated the D-8 project, an economic cooperation scheme among eight developing Muslim countries, which he envisioned as an alternative to the G-7 and the European Union.

However, Erbakan's foreign policy faced strong opposition and criticism from the Turkish military, the secular elite, and the Western allies. They accused him of undermining Turkey's national security, regional stability, and international reputation. They also feared that he was trying to change Turkey's identity and alignment from a secular and Western-oriented state to an Islamist and Eastern-oriented one. Erbakan's foreign policy was often inconsistent and contradictory, as he had to balance his ideological aspirations with the realities and constraints of Turkish politics and diplomacy.

Ultimately, Erbakan's foreign policy failed to achieve its goals and contributed to his downfall. His attempts to forge closer ties with Islamic countries did not yield significant economic or political benefits for Turkey, while alienating its traditional partners and allies. His D-8 project was largely symbolic and ineffective, as it lacked a clear vision, strategy, and institutional framework. His foreign policy also provoked a backlash from the military and the secular establishment, who saw it as a threat to Turkey's secularism and Western orientation. In 1997, the military forced Erbakan to resign after a series of confrontations over his domestic and foreign policies. 29c81ba772


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