Where Can I Buy Iron Phosphate
Iron phosphate is a compound that combines phosphorous and oxygenwith iron. It can kill slugs and snails when eaten. The toxicity of ironcompounds like this depends on the amount of available iron. Iron is anessential mineral for plants and animals. It can be found in the environment,foods, and water. Iron phosphate has been registered for use in pesticideproducts in the United States since 1997.
where can i buy iron phosphate
Products containing iron phosphate are generally formulated as granules. They are used in home gardens and a widevariety of crops and ornamental plants to control slugs and snails. There are about two dozen products containing ironphosphate on the market in the United States. Some of these have been approved for use in organic agriculture.
Iron phosphate is a stomach poison in slugs and snails. It damages their digestive tissue. With enough exposure, theystop eating altogether and slowly die. The exact mode of action is not clearly understood.
Iron and phosphate ions are found in many foods naturally. Iron phosphate is usedto fortify foods such as bread. Other foods, such as pasta, milk, and beverages, arealso fortified with forms of iron. Iron phosphate is Generally Recognized As Safe(GRAS) by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA). However, dogs have becomesick after eating large amounts of iron. This happens when vitamins, fertilizers, orslug baits are accessible.
You can be exposed if you are applying slug baits with iron phosphate and youget it on your skin, breathe it in, or accidentally eat or drink a product. You can limit your exposure and reduce risk by following all label instructions carefully.
Iron phosphate is considered very low in toxicity when eaten. However, eating toomuch iron can cause stomach upset in humans and in animals. Diarrhea, vomiting, anddepression have been reported. In severe cases of iron poisoning, symptoms mightresolve temporarily and return 12 - 96 hours after the first signs appeared. At thisstage, problems with blood pressure and heart rate can lead to shock and sometimesdeath. Weakness, muscle tremors and liver failure have also been reported.
Iron phosphate may cause slight irritation to the eyes and little or no irritation to theskin. No information could be found describing its toxicity when inhaled. However,iron phosphate is not likely to be inhaled. This is because it is made in a granular formand does not release vapors into the air.
In people and pets, iron and phosphate come apart within the body. A portion of the iron can be absorbed into thebloodstream. The amount absorbed is based on the level of iron already in the blood. Proteins transport the ironthrough the body.
Iron serves essential functions in blood cells, energy production, and certain enzymes. Iron is found in every cell of thebody. When there is too much iron for the proteins to carry, iron can break up cell membranes as it travels unbound in the body. This can allow the free iron particles to penetrate the walls of the bloodstream, liver, heart, and brain. Evenwhen exposures are high, very little of the iron absorbed into the body is excreted.
Iron and phosphate have been part of the normal human diet throughout history. When the U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency and FDA evaluated iron phosphate for safety, cancer studies were not required. In cell studies, ironphosphate did not cause gene mutations.
No studies on the effects of long term exposure to iron phosphate could be located. However, researchers haveevaluated iron supplements by giving human volunteers daily doses of iron sulfate for weeks. They took at least50 mg of iron daily. Many of them (25-50%) had symptoms of stomach upset, including things like abdominal pain,nausea, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea, and constipation. Headaches, heartburn and skin rashes were also reported.The average human diet contains 10-15 mg of iron per day.
Human studies including pregnant women, infants and children showed that iron does not cause problems withbirth, growth or development. When chickens and pregnant rats and mice were fed iron sulfate, there were no effects for the mothers or offspring.
Children may be especially sensitive to pesticides compared to adults.However, there are currently no data to conclude that children haveincreased sensitivity specifically to iron phosphate. Recommendationsfor iron intake are lower for infants and children than they are foradults.
Iron and phosphate occur naturally in soil, and they do not becomeairborne. Slug and snail bait applications can add to the iron and phosphate in soils. However, they are often appliedto soil in larger amounts as fertilizer. Iron and phosphate are also essential to animal and plant nutrition. Once applied,iron becomes part of compounds that are naturally found in soil. They stick to soil particles, and act as a bridge to bind particles together.
Bacteria can turn iron into forms that dissolve readily in water, but they are quickly converted back. Phosphate doesnot dissolve well in water, either. Iron and phosphate don't move with water but tend to stay put. They are consideredpersistent. However, due to their low toxicity and mobility, groundwater concerns have not been identified.
Iron phosphate is practically non-toxic to birds, based on testing with quail. Beetles and earthworms were not affectedin studies using twice the amount of iron phosphate allowed. Iron phosphate is practically non-toxic to fish, waterfleas, and algae. Exposure to bees is unlikely because it is applied to soil as granules.
For more detailed information about iron phosphate please visit the list of referenced resources or call the National Pesticide Information Center, Monday - Friday, between 8:00am - 12:00pm Pacific Time (11:00am - 3:00pm Eastern Time) at 1-800-858-7378 or visit us on the web at NPIC provides objective, science-based answers to questions about pesticides.
NPIC fact sheets are designed to answer questions that are commonlyasked by the general public about pesticides that are regulated by theU.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). This document isintended to be educational in nature and helpful to consumers formaking decisions about pesticide use.
New! Iron Phosphate (1 Gallon) - Rapid cleaning and provides an amorphous iron phosphate coating.It easily removes difficult oils, greases, smut, light rust and films. MILDER TO EMPLOYEES AND NO STRONG ODORS. Liquid which is easily mixed into feeders and mixing valves. Provides superior corrosion resistance and bonding of paints. Attacks difficult smut and surface residues.
The bioavailability of an iron compound is determined by its solubility in the hydrochloric acid of the stomach. The most commonly used preparation of iron for supplements is iron sulphate. However common side effects of this are constipation. For this reason, Metabolics supplies Ionic Iron from iron sulphate already in its dissociated form for ease of absorption.
The iron phosphate compound is less well absorbed than the ferrous sulphate but absorption is enhanced significantly if taken with Vitamin C. It is believed to reduce the ferric iron to its ferrous state, chelating the iron into its absorbable form increasing absorption between 2-4x
Frequent readers of InsideEVs probably remember when CATL and Tesla signed a battery supply agreement. It was on February 3, and that led CATL to be one of the three battery suppliers Tesla currently has. Besides Panasonic, LG will also sell to the American EV manufacturer. Now Reuters reports that the companies are discussing the supply of a cobalt-free battery, which would bring environmental, compliance, and financial benefits to Tesla.
These batteries use lithium iron phosphate chemistry. These batteries are considered to be much better than lithium-ion cells in most aspects. They last longer, don't catch fire, have a constant voltage while discharging, and the lack of cobalt makes them much cheaper. Their handicap is the low energy density, which explains why you probably have never seen an EV with them.
Lithium manganese iron phosphate(LiFexMn1-xPO4, abbreviated as LMFP), a solid solution of lithium ironphosphate (LiFePO4, abbreviated as LFP) and lithium manganese phosphate(LiMnPO4, abbreviated as LMP)with combined features of the high safety of LiFePO4 and the highenergy density of LiMnPO4.It can deliver up to 25% greater energy density thanthat of standard Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP cells).
Lithium-ion and Lithium iron phosphate are two types of batteries used in today's portable electronics. While they both share some similarities, there are major differences in high-energy density, long life cycles, and safety. Most people are familiar with lithium-ion as they most likely own a smartphone, tablet, or PC. Lithium iron phosphate is a newer type of battery gaining recognition in the manufacturing industries due to its cost-effective materials and stability with high temperatures.
Lithium iron phosphate has a cathode of iron phosphate and an anode of graphite. It has a specific energy of 90/120 watt-hours per kilogram and a nominal voltage of 3.20V or 3.30V. The charge rate of lithium iron phosphate is 1C and the discharge rate of 1-25C.
There are significant differences in energy when comparing lithium-ion and lithium iron phosphate. Lithium-ion has a higher energy density at 150/200 Wh/kg versus lithium iron phosphate at 90/120 Wh/kg. So, lithium-ion is normally the go-to source for power hungry electronics that drain batteries at a high rate.
On the other hand, the discharge rate for lithium iron phosphate outmatches lithium-ion. At 25C, lithium iron phosphate batteries have voltage discharges that are excellent when at higher temperatures. The discharge rate doesn't significantly degrade the lithium iron phosphate battery as the capacity is reduced.
Lithium iron phosphate has a lifecycle of 1,000-10,000 cycles. These batteries can handle high temperatures with minimal degradation. They have a long life for applications that have embedded systems or need to run for long lengths of time before needing to be charged. 041b061a72